Because the Arab Spring, Arab states became the recent entrance line within the fight for democratization and for open societies. because the event of different areas has proven, essentially the most major demanding situations dealing with democratization pertains to minority rights. This booklet explores how minority claims are framed and debated within the quarter, and specifically, how political actors draw upon, re-interpret, or face up to either the hot worldwide discourses of minority rights and extra neighborhood traditions and practices of co-existence. The individuals learn a number of pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial components that form modern minority politics within the Arab international, and that encumber the reception of foreign norms of multiculturalism. those elements comprise the contested legacies of Islamic doctrines of the `dhimmi' and the Ottoman millet process, colonial-era divide and rule suggestions, and post-colonial Arab nation-building. whereas those legacies complicate struggles for minority rights, they don't entail an `Arab exceptionalism' to worldwide tendencies to multiculturalism. This quantity explores a couple of openings for brand spanking new extra pluralistic conceptions of nationhood and citizenship, and means that minority politics at its most sensible can function a motor vehicle for a extra common transformative politics, assisting a broader tradition of democracy and human rights, and not easy older authoritarian, clientalistic, or patriarchal political developments. The chapters contain either large theoretical and ancient views in addition to extra centred case experiences (including Western Sahara/Morocco, Algeria, Israel/Palestine; Sudan; United Arab Emirates, and Iraq).